Creek

Disparities Data

The ACCN is building its research agenda on alleviating the disproportionate burden of cancer in the Appalachian areas of Kentucky, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and West Virginia. The tables below show cancer incidence and mortality rates for cervical, colorectal, and lung/bronchus cancers in Appalachian areas of these states vs. non-Appalachian areas. Cervical, colorectal, and lung/bronchus cancers are ACCN priority cancers and the focus of many ACCN-sponsored research and community outreach activities, due to the elevated incidence rates for these cancers in the Appalachian region. These elevated cancer rates are what motivated the National Cancer Institute to recognize the residents of Appalachia as a population with cancer health disparities. For more information on cancer in the region, please see the following ACCN publications:

The Cancer Burden in Appalachia 2009  

Addressing the Cancer Burden in Appalachian Communities 2010

 

 


Average Annual Age-adjusted Cervical Cancer Incidence and Mortality, Appalachia Compared to Non-Appalachia 1,2,3

Incidence Mortality
Appalachia Non-Appalachia % Difference Appalachia Non-Appalachia % Difference
Kentucky 11.1 8.8 26.1% 3.1 2.7 15.2%
Ohio 8.7 7.8 11.5% 2.9 2.4 20.8%
Pennsylvania 7.7 8.0 -3.7% 2.2 2.4 -8.3%
Virginia 7.7 6.8 13.2% 2.1 2.1 0.0%
West Virginia 10.2 * * 3.5 * *

Average Annual Age-adjusted Colon & Rectum Cancer Incidence and Mortality by Gender, Appalachia Compared to Non-Appalachia 1,2,3

Incidence Mortality
Appalachia Non-Appalachia % Difference Appalachia Non-Appalachia % Difference
Male Female Total Male Female Total Male Female Total Male Female Total
Kentucky 69.7 52.3 59.8 67.3 48.9 56.7 5.5% 26.5 19.0 22.2 26.6 18.7 21.9 1.4%
Ohio 68.1 48.9 57.1 60.5 44.2 51.0 12.0% 25.3 18.4 21.3 23.7 16.7 19.7 8.1%
Pennsylvania 68.9 48.3 56.9 64.2 47.8 54.7 4.0% 25.5 16.5 20.1 24.8 16.8 20.0 0.5%
Virginia 56.8 39.9 47.1 55.5 42.2 48.0 -1.9% 21.1 13.2 16.6 22.1 15.3 18.2 -8.8%
West Virginia 70.7 51.7 61.4 * * * * 26.6 18.4 21.8 * * * *

Average Annual Age-adjusted Lung & Bronchus Cancer Incidence and Mortality by Gender, Appalachia Compared to Non-Appalachia 1,2,3

Incidence Mortality
Appalachia Non-Appalachia % Difference Appalachia Non-Appalachia % Difference
Male Female Total Male Female Total Male Female Total Male Female Total
Kentucky 147.6 79.9 108.8 127.1 75.7 97.1 12.0% 125.7 60.0 88.2 105.3 54.2 75.1 17.4%
Ohio 107.5 60.1 80.3 93.7 58.8 73.3 9.5% 89.3 45.6 64.2 79.4 45.3 59.3 8.3%
Pennsylvania 92.8 53.6 69.7 88.2 56.5 69.4 0.4% 74.9 38.7 53.4 70.6 41.5 53.2 0.4%
Virginia 106.2 57.1 77.9 86.9 53.5 67.5 15.4% 90.4 43.8 63.6 72.7 41.7 54.7 16.3%
West Virginia 116.2 63.5 89.1 * * * * 95.7 51.2 69.8 * * * *

1 (*) West Virginia is the only state in ACCN that is entirely Appalachian.
2 Average annual rate per 100,000, age-adjusted to the 2000 US standard population.
3 Source: Appalachia Community Cancer Network, The Cancer Burden in Appalachia, 2009. See Appendix A for data year by state as there are variations in what data was provided.